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Miomantis paykullii

Egyptian mantis

Miomantis paykullii female adult

General Information

Scientific name: Miomantis paykullii
Common name: Egyptian mantis
Distribution: Egypt, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Cameroon, Kenya, Mauretania, Mozambique, Niger, Senegal, Chad, Uganda, Zimbabwe
Habitat: Trees and bushes in dry areas
Size: Females up to 4.5 cm
Males ~ 3.5 cm
Livespan: Females up to 1 year
Males under 1 year
Colour variations: Light brown or green
Aggressivity: High*
Difficulty: Middle (freshly hatched nymphs very small)

*up to L3/L4 group-housing possible

Systematics

Order: Mantodea
Family: Mantidae
Subfamily: Miomantinae
Tribe: Miomantini
Genus: Miomantis

First description (year): STÅL (1871)

More species of this genus (similar housing and appearance):

  • Miomantis abyssinica (GIGLIO-TOS, 1911)
  • Miomantis alata (GIGLIO-TOS, 1917)
  • Miomantis diademata (WERNER, 1916)
  • Miomantis monacha (FABRICIUS, 1787)
  • Miomantis wittei (BEIER, 1954)

Keeping

Enclosure (LxWxH):

  • Single-housing: from 15 x 15 x 15 cm
  • Group-keeping: from 20 x 20 x 20 cm for 3 males
  • Small nymphs can be reared in smaller enclosures (for moulting they need twice their body length free space downwards)

Two ventilation areas (gaze at top + front) adviced to prevent waterglogging.

Temperature:
Day 24 – 30 °C, night room temperature (below 18°C no problem)

Relative humidity:
Days ~ 40 – 60%, nights higher

Set-up:

  • Substrate: Soil, sand, kitchen paper, gravel, coco humus etc.
  • Branches (also horizontal/bent)
  • Living or artificial plants (Beware of pesticides!)
  • Clean with vinegar or biodegradable glass cleaner (afterwards rinse with clear water)

Feeding Recommendation

L1 Small fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster)
L2-L4 Big fruit flies (Drosophila hydei)
L5 to adult Greenbottle flies

This species also feeds on crawling insects like crickets/roaches etc.

Feeder insects in the shop…

Gender Determination

In general: 8 visible sternites (ventral segments) at males, 6 at females (compare with Hierodula membranacea).

Additionally:

  • adult: Wings of males reach over the end of their abdomen.

Biology

Adult stage (= full-grown + winged):
Females in L8, males in L7
Amount of moults variates (especially under abnormal temperatures or injuries)

Sexually mature after adult moult:
Males ~ 1 week
Females ~ 1-2 weeks

Copulation duration:
~ 2 – 4 hours

Oothecae (egg-cases)
Size: up to 4 cm (average 1-2 cm)
Form: long oval, slightly ribbed
Colour: yellowish
Oviposition place: Leaves and twigs
First ooth after adult moult: ~ 4 weeks
Interval: ~ 7 days
Amount: up to 10 oothecae

Incubation and hatch
Duration: ~ 4 weeks
Temperatures like animals (see above), rel. humidity over 50% (with good ventilation)
Nymph quantity: up to 70 (average 20 – 30)
Size freshly hatched (L1): ~ 5 mm

All given information only for orientation. Actual facts always depend on temperature and food availibility etc.!

More

Miomantis paykullii is a widespread mantis species. It is very robust despite its size and forgives minor wrong conditions.

It is capable of parthenogenesis (asexual reproduction), but the resulting nymphs have a higher mortality rate than normal.

In sexual reproduction, however, the breeding is relatively easy. Despite the tiny nymphs the feeding of Drosophila melanogaster is possible.

Sources

  • Own expercience

Often available in the shop.

Pictures

Miomantis paykullii female adult
Miomantis paykullii female wings