|Scientific name:||Miomantis paykullii|
|Common name:||Egyptian mantis|
|Distribution:||Egypt, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Cameroon, Kenya, Mauretania, Mozambique, Niger, Senegal, Chad, Uganda, Zimbabwe|
|Habitat:||Trees and bushes in dry areas|
|Size:||Females up to 4.5 cm
Males ~ 3.5 cm
|Livespan:||Females up to 1 year
Males under 1 year
|Colour variations:||Light brown or green|
|Difficulty:||Middle (freshly hatched nymphs very small)|
*up to L3/L4 group-housing possible
First description (year): STÅL (1871)
More species of this genus (similar housing and appearance):
- Miomantis abyssinica (GIGLIO-TOS, 1911)
- Miomantis alata (GIGLIO-TOS, 1917)
- Miomantis diademata (WERNER, 1916)
- Miomantis monacha (FABRICIUS, 1787)
- Miomantis wittei (BEIER, 1954)
- Single-housing: from 15 x 15 x 15 cm
- Group-keeping: from 20 x 20 x 20 cm for 3 males
- Small nymphs can be reared in smaller enclosures (for moulting they need twice their body length free space downwards)
Two ventilation areas (gaze at top + front) adviced to prevent waterglogging.
Day 24 – 30 °C, night room temperature (below 18°C no problem)
Days ~ 40 – 60%, nights higher
- Substrate: Soil, sand, kitchen paper, gravel, coco humus etc.
- Branches (also horizontal/bent)
- Living or artificial plants (Beware of pesticides!)
- Clean with vinegar or biodegradable glass cleaner (afterwards rinse with clear water)
|L1||Small fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster)|
|L2-L4||Big fruit flies (Drosophila hydei)|
|L5 to adult||Greenbottle flies|
This species also feeds on crawling insects like crickets/roaches etc.
In general: 8 visible sternites (ventral segments) at males, 6 at females (compare with Hierodula membranacea).
- adult: Wings of males reach over the end of their abdomen.
Adult stage (= full-grown + winged):
Females in L8, males in L7
Amount of moults variates (especially under abnormal temperatures or injuries)
Sexually mature after adult moult:
Males ~ 1 week
Females ~ 1-2 weeks
~ 2 – 4 hours
Size: up to 4 cm (average 1-2 cm)
Form: long oval, slightly ribbed
Oviposition place: Leaves and twigs
First ooth after adult moult: ~ 4 weeks
Interval: ~ 7 days
Amount: up to 10 oothecae
Incubation and hatch
Duration: ~ 4 weeks
Temperatures like animals (see above), rel. humidity over 50% (with good ventilation)
Nymph quantity: up to 70 (average 20 – 30)
Size freshly hatched (L1): ~ 5 mm
All given information only for orientation. Actual facts always depend on temperature and food availibility etc.!
Miomantis paykullii is a widespread mantis species. It is very robust despite its size and forgives minor wrong conditions.
It is capable of parthenogenesis (asexual reproduction), but the resulting nymphs have a higher mortality rate than normal.
In sexual reproduction, however, the breeding is relatively easy. Despite the tiny nymphs the feeding of Drosophila melanogaster is possible.
- Own expercience
Often available in the shop.