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Oxypilus distinctus

Gambian boxer mantis

General Information

Scientific name: Oxypilus distinctus
Common name: Gambian boxer mantis
Distribution: Africa
Habitat: -
Size: Female ~ 2.5 cm
Male ~ 2 cm
Livespan: under 1 year
Colour variations: -
Aggressivity: High*
Difficulty: Middle

*up to L3/L4 group-housing possible (males in adult stages also in groups)


Order: Mantodea
Family: Hymenopodidae
Subfamily: Oxypilinae
Genus: Oxypilus

First description (year): BEIER (1930)


Enclosure (LxWxH):

  • Single-housing: from 15 x 15 x 15 cm
  • Group-housing: from 20 x 20 x 20 cm for 4 adult males
  • Small nymphs can be reared in smaller enclosures (for moulting they need twice their body length free space downwards)

Two ventilation areas (gaze at top + front) adviced to prevent waterglogging.

Days ~ 30 °C

Relative humidity:
Days ~ 50 - 60 %, nights ~ 70 %.


  • Substrate: Soil, sand, kitchen paper, gravel, coco humus etc. (animals seldom stay on the ground)
  • Branches (also horizontal/bent)
  • Living or artificial plants (Beware of pesticides!)
  • Clean with vinegar or biodegradable glass cleaner (afterwards rinse with clear water)

Feeding Recommendation

L1/L2 Small fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster)
L3-L5 Big fruit flies (Drosophila hydei)
L6 bis adult Greenbottle flies

This species also feeds on crawling insects like crickets/roaches etc.

Feeder insects in the shop...

Gender Determination

In general: 8 visible sternites (ventral segments) at males, 6 at females (compare with Hierodula membranacea).


About breeding this species there is currently not much known as it is rarely cept in captivity.



  • www.swissmantis.ch (November 2007) Website not available anymore