|Scientific name:||Parasphendale affinis|
|Common name:||Budwing mantis|
|Habitat:||Shrubs and trees in steppes|
|Size:||Female ~ 6 cm
Male ~ 5 cm
|Livespan:||Female ~ 1,5 years
Male ~ 6 months
|Colour variations:||Grey and brown, sometimes green|
*up to L3/L4 group-housing possible (males in adult stages also in groups)
First description (year): GIGLIO-TOS (1915)
More species of this genus (similar housing and appearance):
- Parasphendale agrionia (GERSTAECKER, 1869)
- Parasphendale fricana (GIGLIO-TOS, 1915)
- Parasphendale costalis (KIRBY, 1904)
- Parasphendale minor (SCHULHESS-SCHINDLER, 1898)
- Single-housing: from 20 x 20 x 30 cm
- Group-housing: from 30 x 30 x 30 cm for ~ 3 – 4 adult males
- Small nymphs can be reared in smaller enclosures (for moulting they need twice their body length free space downwards)
Two ventilation areas (gaze at top + front) adviced to prevent waterglogging.
Day 22 – 32 °C, night room temperature (below 18°C no problem)
~ 40 – 60 %, spray every third day
- Substrate: Soil, sand, gravel, coco humus etc. (animals sometimes hunt close to the ground)
- Branches (also horizontal/bent) with ~ 2 cm diameter & bark
- Living or artificial plants (Beware of pesticides!)
- Clean with vinegar or biodegradable glass cleaner (afterwards rinse with clear water)
|L1||Small fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster)|
|L2/L3||Big fruit flies (Drosophila hydei)|
|L6 to adult||Green- and Bluebottle flies|
This species also feeds on crwaling insects like crickets/roaches etc.
In general: 8 visible sternites (ventral segments) at males, 6 at females (compare with Hierodula membranacea).
- adult: Wings of females cover only half of their abdomen (reduced wings), males thin with wings reaching over abdominal end.
Adult stage (= full-grown + winged):
Females in L8, males in L7
Amount of moults variates (especially under abnormal temperatures or injuries)
Sexually mature after adult moult:
Males ~ 10 days
Females ~ 14 days
~ 4 – 10 hours
Size: up to 5 cm (average 4 cm)
Colour: light brown
Oviposition place: Bark & thick branches
First ooth after adult moult: ~ 14 days
Interval: ~ 14 days
Amount: up to 8 oothecae
Incubation and hatch
Duration: ~ 4 – 5 weeks
Temperatures like animals (see above), rel. humidity over 50% (with good ventilation)
Nymph quantity: up to 200
Size freshly hatched (L1): ~ 5 mm
Appearance after hatching (L1): black (ant mimikry), from L3 species typcial
All given information only for orientation. Actual facts always depend on temperature and food availibility etc.!
Parasphendale affinis and others of this genus are quite exciting pets. Not only their short wings make them special (when they show their display it looks even more extraordinary). Also they are more active as many other species. When sensing prey, they often jump towards it and catch also bigger prey than themselves. To adult females you even feed big Dubia roaches.
Males however are much smaller than females and are good flyers.
- Own expercience
- www.mantisonline.de (October2017)
Often available in the shop.