Double shield mantis
|Scientific name:||Pnigomantis medioconstricta|
|Common name:||Indonesian double shield mantis|
|Size:||Female up to 9 cm
Male up to cm
|Livespan:||Female ~ 1,5 years
Male ~ 1 year
*up to L2/L3 group-housing possible
First description (year): WESTWOOD (1889)
- Single-housing: from 20 x 20 x 30 cm
- Small nymphs can be reared in smaller enclosures (for moulting they need twice their body length free space downwards)
Two ventilation areas (gaze at top + front) adviced to prevent waterglogging.
Days 26 – 30 °C, nights room temperature (below 18°C no problem)
Days ~ 60 %, nights ~ 70 %
- Substrate: Soil, sand, gravel, coco humus etc. (animals sometimes stay on the ground)
- Branches (also horizontal/bent) with ~ 1 – 2 cm diameter, bark
- Living or artificial plants (Beware of pesticides!)
- Clean with vinegar or biodegradable glass cleaner (afterwards rinse with clear water)
|L1 /L2||Small fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) and
Big fruit flies (Drosophila hydei)
|L3/L4||Big fruit flies (Drosophila hydei)|
|L6 to adult||Bluebottle flies|
This species also feeds on crawling insects like crickets/roaches etc.
In general: 8 visible sternites (ventral segments) at males, 6 at females (compare with Hierodula membranacea).
Adult stage (= full-grown + winged):
Females and males in L10
Amount of moults variates (especially under abnormal temperatures or injuries)
Sexually mature after adult moult:
Males ~ 3 weeks
Females ~ 4 weeks
~ 2 – 3 hours
Incubation and hatch
All given information only for orientation. Actual facts always depend on temperature and food availibility etc.!
Pnigomantis medioconstricta belongs together with the Rhombodera species to the most aggressive ones. They also catch prey of the same length as themselves. It got famous in the world wide web by eating a small mouse.
- www.mantisonline.de (July 2017)