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Pseudempusa pinnapavonis

Peacock mantis

Pseudempusa pinnapavonis Peacock mantis female adult

General Information

Scientific name: Pseudempusa pinnapavonis
Common name: Peacock mantis
Distribution: Myanmar, Thailand
Habitat: Trees and bushes
Size: Female up to 10 cm
Male up to 8,5 cm
Livespan: Female up to 2 year
Male up to 1,5 year
Colour variations: None
Aggressivity: Middle*
Difficulty: Easy

*up to L4/L5 group-housing possible (males in adult stages also in groups)

Systematics

Order: Mantodea
Family: Mantidae
Subfamily: Miomantinae
Tribe: Riventinini
Genus: Pseudempusa

First description (year): BRUNNER VON WATTENWYL (1892)

More species of this genus (similar housing and appearance):

  • Pseudempusa pavonina (GIGLIO-TOS, 1916)

Keeping

Enclosure (LxWxH):

  • Single-housing: from 20 x 20 x 30 cm
  • Group-housing: from 20 x 20 x 20 cm for ~ 10 L4 nymphs
  • Small nymphs can be reared in smaller enclosures (for moulting they need twice their body length free space downwards)

Two ventilation areas (gaze at top + front) adviced to prevent waterglogging.

Temperature:
Days 22 – 28 °C, nights room temperature (below 18°C no problem)

Relative humidity:
Days ~ 40 – 60 %, spray every second day

Set-up:

  • Substrate: Soil, sand, kitchen paper, gravel, coco humus etc. (animals seldom stay on the ground)
  • Branches (also horizontal/bent) with ~ 1 – 2 cm diameter
  • Living or artificial plants (Beware of pesticides!)
  • Clean with vinegar or biodegradable glass cleaner (afterwards rinse with clear water)

Feeding Recommendation

L1 Small fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster)
L2/L3 Big fruit flies (Drosophila hydei)
L4/L5 Greenbottle flies
L6 to adult Bluebottle flies

This species also feeds on crawling insects like crickets/roaches etc.

Feeder insects in the shop…

Gender Determination

In general: 8 visible sternites (ventral segments) at males, 6 at females (compare with Hierodula membranacea).

Außerdem:

  • from L5: eye-dot at inner fang arms (coxae) of males black, of females red
  • adult: Males thin with wings reaching over abdominal end (good flyers), wings of females shorter than abdomen. Top of male abdomen strongly red.

Biology

Adult stage (= full-grown + winged):
Females in L10, Females in L9
Amount of moults variates (especially under abnormal temperatures or injuries)

Geschlechtsreif nach Adulthäutung:
Males ~ 2 weeks
Females ~ 3 weeks

Copulation duration:
up to 10 hours

Oothecae (egg-cases)
Size: ~ 4 cm
Form: round with small hole at the end
Colour: yellowish / light brown
Oviposition place: –
First ooth after adult moult: ~ 4 – 8 weeks
Interval: ~ 3 – 4 weeks
Amount: up to 5 oothecae

Incubation and hatch
Duration: ~ 6 – 8 weeks
Temperatures like animals (see above), rel. humidity over 50% (with good ventilation)
Nymph quantity: up to 160 (average 100)
Size freshly hatched (L1): ~ 1 cm

Beware: Hatching larvae lower themselves down up to 10 cm from the ootheca (incubate in high containers!)

All given information only for orientation. Actual facts always depend on temperature and food availibility etc.!

More

The peacock mantis P. pinnapavonis has a breathtaking display. On each inner wing there is a huge shimmering spot (there it got its name from). This is seen when animals feel in danger and show these wings. Additionally, females can stridulate with their wings.

Sources

  • Own expercience
  • www.mantisonline.de (July 2017)
  • www.swissmantis.ch (November 2007) Website not available anymore