Pseudoharpax virescens virescens
Gambian spotted-eye flower mantis
|Scientific name:||Pseudoharpax virescens virescens|
|Common name:||Gambian spotted-eye flower mantis|
|Distribution:||East, Central and West Afrika|
|Habitat:||Trees and bushes close to flowers|
|Size:||Female ~ 3 cm
Male ~ 2 cm
|Livespan:||Female up to 1 year
Male less than 1 year
|Difficulty:||Middle (very small nymphs)|
*up to L4/L5 group-housing possible (males in adult stages also in groups)
First description (year): SERVILLE (1839)
More species of this genus (similar housing and appearance):
- Pseudoharpax beieri (LA GRECA, 1951)
- Pseudoharpax ugandanus (GIGLIO-TOS, 1915)
- Pseudoharpax virescens centralis (LA GRECA, 1954)
- Single-housing: from 15 x 15 x 15 cm
- Group-housing: from 20 x 20 x 20 cm for ~ 3 adult males
- Small nymphs can be reared in smaller enclosures (for moulting they need twice their body length free space downwards)
Two ventilation areas (gaze at top + front) adviced to prevent waterglogging.
Days 25 – 30 °C, nights room temperature
Days ~ 50 – 60 %, nights ~ 60 – 70 %
- Substrate: Soil, sand, kitchen paper, gravel, coco humus etc. (animals seldom stay on the ground)
- Branches (also horizontal/bent)
- Living or artificial plants (Beware of pesticides!)
- Clean with vinegar or biodegradable glass cleaner (afterwards rinse with clear water)
|L1/L2||Small fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster)|
|L3-L5||Big fruit flies (Drosophila hydei)|
|L6 bis adult||Greenbottle flies|
This species also feeds on crawling insects like crickets/roaches etc.
In general: 8 visible sternites (ventral segments) at males, 6 at females (compare with Hierodula membranacea).
- Subadult/adult: Antennae of the males thicker and monger than of females. Males also smaller and wings reaching over abdominal end (good flyers). Wings of females do not reach over the abdominal end.
Adult stage (= full-grown + winged):
Amount of moults variates (especially under abnormal temperatures or injuries)
Sexually mature after adult moult:
Males ~ 10 days
Females ~ 14 days
~ 2 – 3 hours
Size: ~ 1 cm
Form: square, ribbed on top
Colour: light brown
Oviposition place: branches, bark
First ooth after adult moult: ~ 2 – 3 weeks
Interval: ~ 10 days
Amount: up to 15 oothecae
Incubation and hatch
Duration: ~ 4 – 5 weeks
Temperatures like animals (see above), rel. humidity over 50% (with good ventilation)
Nymph quantity: 20 – 30
Size freshly hatched (L1): ~ 2 mm
All given information only for orientation. Actual facts always depend on temperature and food availibility etc.!
Freshly hatched nymphs catch despite its small size aleady small fruit flies (D. melanogaster).
Pseudoharpax virescens virescens looks similar to Creobroter-species, however, they are only about half their size. Additionally Pseudoharpax has very pointy eyes (at the top end).
- www.mantisonline.de (August 2017)
- www.swissmantis.ch (November 2007) Website not available anymore