Arizona unicorn mantis
|Scientific name:||Pseudovates arizonae|
|Common name:||Arizona unicorn mantis|
|Distribution:||Texas and Mexico|
|Habitat:||Bushes and trees|
|Size:||Female ~ 8 cm
Male ~ 7 cm
|Livespan:||Female up to 1,5 years
Male up to 1 year
|Difficulty:||Difficult (food specialist + heat-loving)|
*group-housing in all stages possible
No guarantee against cannibalism! Always feed very well – especially adult females.
First description (year): HEBARD (1835)
- Single-housing: from 20 x 20 x 30 cm
- Group-housing: from 45 x 45 x 40 cm for ~ 3 adult couples
- Small nymphs can be reared in smaller enclosures (for moulting they need twice their body length free space downwards)
Two ventilation areas (gaze at top + front) adviced to prevent waterglogging.
Days 28 – 35 °C, nights ~ 20 °C
Days ~ 30 – 40 %, spray twice a week
- Substrate: Soil, sand, kitchen paper, gravel, coco humus etc. (animals seldom stay on the ground)
- Branches (also horizontal/bent)
- Living or artificial plants (Beware of pesticides!)
- Clean with vinegar or biodegradable glass cleaner (afterwards rinse with clear water)
|L1||Small fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster)|
|L2/L3||Big fruit flies (Drosophila hydei)|
|L6 to adult||Bluebottle flies|
This species should not be fed with crawling insects like crickets/roaches etc.
In general: 8 visible sternites (ventral segments) at males, 6 at females (compare with Hierodula membranacea).
- Adult: Males are smaller and have longer antennae than females.
Adult stage (= full-grown + winged):
Amount of moults variates (especially under abnormal temperatures or injuries)
Sexually mature after adult moult:
Males ~ 2 weeks
Females ~ 2 – 3 weeks
Oviposition place: –
EFirst ooth after adult moult: ~ 4 weeks
Interval: ~ 2 – 3 weeks
Amount: up to 6 oothecae
Incubation and hatch
Duration: ~ 4 – 5 weeks
Temperatures like animals (see above), rel. humidity over 50% (with good ventilation)
Nymph quantity: ~ 30
Size freshly hatched (L1): –
All given information only for orientation. Actual facts always depend on temperature and food availibility etc.!
Pseudovates arizonae needs a dry and warm environment (spray only twice a week). As is is specialised on flying insects, they can be kept in groups easily.
- www.swissmantis.ch (November 2007) Website not available anymore